proteomics

Viewing posts tagged proteomics

New publication looks at the biomarkers of COPD in skeletal muscle integrity response to exercise

A collaboration between the Coon group and the lab of Ariel Jaitovich at Albany Medical College looked at patients with chronic Pulmonary disease (COPD) who developed muscle dysfunction, a condition associated with higher mortality rates and poor outcomes for these individuals. This study was a large-scale analysis of the mouse muscle proteome to identify the significant upregulated proteins contributing to muscle dysfunction.

Read the full article, Established biomarkers of COPD reflect skeletal muscle integrity’s response to exercise in an animal model of pulmonary emphysema, by Balnis et al.

Li lab identifies metabolite and protein biomarkers to identify prostatic inflammation with lower urinary tract symptoms

Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common among aging men. Since inflammation is one of its indicators, it is plausible that urinary metabolite and protein biomarkers could be used to identified and diagnose inflammation-induced LUTS. In this study, the Li lab used Mass spectrometry (MS)-based multi-omics analysis to characterize the urine metabolome and proteome in a mouse model. By comparing their findings with urinary biomarkers associated with LUTS in older men, they identified creatine, haptoglobin, immunoglobulin kappa constant and polymeric Ig receptor as conserved biomarkers for prostatic inflammation associated with LUTS.

The full article, Urinary metabolomic and proteomic analyses in a mouse model of prostatic inflammation, can be viewed here.

DiLeu isobaric tags achieves 21-plex quantification

Isobaric tags enable multiplexed quantitative analysis of many biological samples in a single LC-MS/MS experiment. As a cost-effective alternative to expensive commercial isobaric tagging reagents, the lab of Lingjun Li has developed their own custom “DiLeu” isobaric tags for quantitative proteomics. In this paper, Dustin Frost showcases a new generation of DiLeu tags that achieves 21-plex quantification in high-resolution HCD MS/MS spectra.

21-plex DiLeu Isobaric Tags for High-throughput Quantitative Proteomics. Analytical Chemistry.

Li lab collaboration yields insights into spinal cord stimulation for pain relief

A recent publication by Tilley et al titled Proteomic modulation in the dorsal spinal cord following spinal cord stimulation therapy in an in vivo neuropathic pain model, explores how Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) can provide relief for patients suffering from chronic pain, with less dependence on electrical interference. Recent evidence has been growing regarding molecular changes that are induced by SCS as being a key player in reversing the pain process. In this paper the effect of SCS on altering protein expression in spinal cord tissue using a proteomic analysis approach are observed.

Li lab collaboration explores noninvasive markers in prostate disease diagnosis

A recent collaboration between the labs of Lingjun Li and William Ricke explores the relationship between prostatic hyperplasia and related lower urinary tract symptoms in aging males and how noninvasive markers could be helpful in disease diagnosis. This proteomics study used a mouse model of hormone-induced urinary dysfunction to gain insight into the disease and supports the concept of noninvasive urinary biomarkers being a successful route for prostate disease diagnostics.

Thomas S, Hao L, DeLaney K, McLean D, Steinke L, Marker PC, Vezina CM, Li L, Ricke WA. Spatiotemporal proteomics reveals the molecular consequences of hormone treatment in a mouse model of lower urinary tract dysfunction. Journal of Proteome Research. 2020, 19(4):1375-1382.

Collaboration with Puglielli lab reveals AT-1 acts as metabolic regulator for acetyl-CoA

In a paper titled Acetyl-CoA Flux Regulates the Proteome and Acetyl-Proteome to Maintain Intracellular Metabolic Crosstalk, Inca Dieterich et al. of Prof Luigi Puglielli’s lab investigated two models of AT-1 dysregulation and altered acetyl-CoA flux: AT-1S113R/+ mice, a model of AT-1 haploin sufficiency, and AT-1 sTg mice, a model of AT-1 overexpression. The animals display distinct metabolic adaptation across intracellular compartments, including reprogramming of lipid metabolism and mitochondria bioenergetics. Our results suggest that AT-1 acts as an important metabolic regulator that maintains acetyl-CoA homeostasis by promoting functional crosstalk between different intracellular organelles.

Recent research shows activated ion electron transfer dissociation has better performance for proteoform fragmentation

Elijah McCool, a graduate student in Lab of Dr. Liangliang Sun at Michigan State University, recently published on a collaboration with NCBBCS, Capillary Zone Electrophoresis-Tandem Mass Spectrometry with Activated Ion Electron Transfer Dissociation for Large-scale Top-down Proteomics. in the Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry.

Capillary zone electrophoresis-tandem mass spectrometry is recognized as an efficient approach for top-down proteomics because of its high-capacity separation and highly sensitive detection of proteoforms. However, the commonly used collision-based methods often don’t provide the extensive fragmentation needed for thorough characterization of proteoforms. Activated ion electron transfer dissociation (AI-ETD), which combines infrared photoactivation with ETD, has shown better performance for proteoform fragmentation than other methods.

Collaboration Yields Insight on Role of Metabolism in Bacterial Growth

Bacterial biofilms are everywhere in nature and play an important role in many clinical, industrial, and ecological settings. Although much is known about the transcriptional regulatory networks that control biofilm formation in model bacteria such as Bacillus subtilis, very little is known about the role of metabolism in this process. To address this important knowledge gap, this study used a time-resolved analysis of the metabolic changes associated with bacterial biofilm development in B. subtilis by combining metabolomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic analyses. This report serves as a unique resource for future studies and will be relevant to future research in microbial physiology and metabolism. The full publication can be found here.